New Frontiers in Science is an online journal that examines unexplained and controversial scientific phenomena. NFS publishes research and theories outside currently accepted scientific paradigms. In this issue, NFS examines anomalous phenomena in the vicinity of the moon and on the lunar surface. Access to articles in previous issues is provided through the NFS Archive .

Vol. 1, No. 2 (Winter 2002): Anomalous lunar phenomena  

The moon, our nearest celestial neighbor, is still a great mystery in many ways. More than three decades after the Apollo missions there remain many unanswered questions about the moon. For an introduction to this issue click on An Introduction to Anomalous Lunar Phenomena .

Go to the Stereo Image Gallery to see images of anomalous lunar surface features in 3-D!

Towards Lunar Archaeology

Alexey V. Arkhipov Arkhipov Dynamic GIF

Our Moon is a potential indicator of a possible alien presence near the Earth at some time during the past 4 billion years. To ascertain the presence of alien artifacts, a survey for ruin-like formations on the Moon has been carried out as a precursor to lunar archaeology. Computer algorithms for semi-automatic, archaeological photo-reconnaissance are discussed. About 80,000 Clementine lunar orbital images have been processed, and a number of quasi-rectangular patterns found. Morphological analysis of these patterns leads to possible reconstructions of their evolution in terms of erosion. Two scenarios are considered: 1) the collapse of subsurface quasi-rectangular systems of caverns, and 2) the erosion of hills with quasi-rectangular lattices of lineaments. We also note the presence of embankment-like, quadrangular and hollow hills with rectangular depressions nearby. Tectonic (geologic) interpretations of these features are considered. The similarity of these patterns to terrestrial archaeological sites and proposed lunar base concepts suggest the need for further study and future in situ exploration.

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Anomalous Object Tracked Near Moon

Francis Ridge and Lan Fleming

Two years after the Clementine mission, and a year before Lunar Prospector, at a time when there were no known man-made objects in the vicinity of the moon, an Earth-based telescopic scan detects a bright object near the moon. After considering conventional explanations, an analysis of its motion suggests that the object was in lunar orbit at the time.

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3-D Analysis of the 'Blair Cuspids' and Surrounding Terrain

Mark Carlotto

An analysis of an unusual collection of objects in a region north of the crater Ariadaeus B is performed. These objects, known as the 'Lunar Spires' or 'Blair Cuspids,' were imaged by a Lunar Orbiter spacecraft in 1966. A digital elevation model (DEM) is computed over the area with a single image shape-from-shading algorithm. Using the DEM to estimate local slope we confirm the tallest cuspid to be about 50 feet in height. Synthetic stereo images are created in order to visualize the cuspids and their surrounding terrain in 3-D. Of particular interest is a large rectilinear depression adjacent to the objects. This depression appears to be the deepest part of a larger network of rectilinear collapses of the surface similar to those that have been studied by Arkhipov. Correlations between the geometry of the cuspids, the rectilinear collapses, and subtle surface lineaments are identified.

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