New Frontiers in Science is an online journal that examines unexplained and controversial scientific phenomena. NFS publishes research and theories outside currently accepted scientific paradigms. In this issue, NFS examines a new and totally unexpected phenomena discovered on Mars. Greg Orme and Peter Ness in conjunction with Sir Arthur C. Clarke present an analysis of the "spiders" -- an enigmatic feature which might represent an existing life form on the Red Planet. Access to articles in previous issues is provided through the NFS Archive.

Vol. 2, No. 3 (Spring 2003): Discovery of primitive life on Mars

Martian Spiders

Greg M. Orme and Peter K. Ness (in consultation with Sir Arthur C. Clarke)

Martian Spiders The term "black spiders" was first coined by the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) team. One of the first and most interesting spider photos is MOC image M0804688, which was found by Greg Orme in October 2000. Subsequently, Sir Arthur C. Clarke saw this image and decided it might represent evidence of a form of life on Mars. Images of the spiders give an almost overpowering impression of some form of fungus, trees or coral. The situation is that we are confronted with something that looks like life, but according to what we know about Mars, cannot be life. The spider formations remain an enigma that is hardly mentioned in published papers on Mars.

Although we do not know what the spiders are at this stage of the investigation, it is possible to say what they are not based on inferred properties, interpretation of physical laws, and comparisons to known geological formations. This paper contrasts spiders to formations formed by fluid flows, and discusses how their appearance changes seasonally but in opposition to known physical processes on Mars. It is argued that their structure resembles Fibonacci patterns formed by biological phenomena on Earth. Relationships between spiders and other phenomena on Mars are also discussed.

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